Use of Artificial Intelligence Chatbots for Cancer Treatment Information (JAMA Oncology, Research Letter)

Source/Credit: JAMA Oncology; August 24, 2023

Large language models (LLMs) underlying chatbots1 can mimic human language and quickly return detailed and coherent-seeming responses. These properties can obscure that chatbots might provide inaccurate information. Because patients often use the internet for self-education,2 some will undoubtedly use LLM chatbots to find cancer-related medical information, which could be associated with the generation and amplification of misinformation. We evaluated an LLM chatbot’s performance to provide breast, prostate, and lung cancer treatment recommendations concordant with National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)3 guidelines.



Chen S, Kann BH, Foote MB, et al. Use of Artificial Intelligence Chatbots for Cancer Treatment Information. JAMA Oncol. Published online August 24, 2023. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2023.2954


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